This blog was originally written for inclusion in the Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization, 4 vols., ed. G. Kurian (Blackwell).
Albert Schweitzer (1875–1965) was born January 14, 1875 at Kaysersberg in Upper Alsace, Germany, the son of a Lutheran pastor. In 1893, he began his studies at the University of Strassburg, taking classes in New Testament with the well-known German scholar Heinrich Julius Holtzmann. From 1902 until 1912, he served in Strassburg as a lecturer in New Testament, as pastor of a church, and as director of the Thomasstift. Apart from being a New Testament scholar,... Read More
Recently the world-renowned text critic J. K. Elliott delivered a guest lecture in the Ph.D. seminar I am teaching this semester on Current Issues in New Testament Studies. Elliott is also the author of The Apocryphal New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993; paperback edition 2005), which is the standard compilation of NT apocryphal literature in the field. What follows is a succinct digest of this lecture in order to highlight the significance of the study of the NT apocrypha for NT studies.
Elliott provided an eminently sober-minded assessment of the value of this highly amorphous body of... Read More
By way of sequel to my list of favorite New Testament commentaries, here are what I consider to be some of the most helpful reference tools for biblical studies. A similar list appears in my hermeneutics text (co-authored by Richard D. Patterson), Invitation to Biblical Interpretation: Exploring the Hermeneutical Triad of History, Literature, and Theology (Kregel).
Introductions and Surveys
Arnold, Bill and Bryan Beyer. Encountering the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999.
Hill, Andrew and John Walton. A Survey of the Old Testament. 2d ed. Grand... Read More
One of the most frequently asked questions I receive is, “What are the commentaries you recommend for serious study of the New Testament?” Alas, I have compiled my list. A similar list appears in my hermeneutics text (co-edited with Richard D. Patterson), Invitation to Biblical Interpretation: Exploring the Hermeneutical Triad of History, Literature, and Theology, in the Invitation to Theological Interpretation series. The list is below.
Blomberg, Craig L. Matthew. NAC. Nashville: Broadman, 1992.
Carson, D. A. “Matthew.” EBC 8. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1984,... Read More
Even in a day when dictionaries proliferate, the publication of the Dictionary of Biblical Criticism and Interpretation (ed. Stanley E. Porter; London/New York: Routledge) is a welcome development. The reference work features entries on major figures in biblical interpretation (e.g. J. Barr, K. Barth, F. C. Baur, R. E. Brown, R. Bultmann, O. Cullmann, J. Derrida, C. H. Dodd, J. D. G. Dunn, M. Hengel, G. E. Ladd, etc.) as well as on major topics including Biblical Theology (D. A. Carson), Early Church Interpretation (R. N. Longenecker), Greek Grammar and Lexicography (S. Porter), and Testament... Read More