My findings regarding the syntax of 1 Timothy 2:12 in the first edition of Women in the Church were widely accepted even among feminist scholars (though, of course, they still don’t agree with the book’s overall thrust on other grounds). There has been a recent exception, though, in the case of Philip Payne, who recently published an article in the journal New Testament Studies. In my 1995 essay in the first edition, I provided a thorough critique of Payne’s earlier unpublished 1988 paper on the subject. Now Payne, in turn, has responded to my study, claiming that 9 of the 100... Read More
The apostle Paul wrote thirteen of the twenty-seven books of the New Testament and left an indelible mark on the Christian church. Apart from his nine letters to churches (most of which he had planted himself), he also wrote four personal letters, one each to Philemon and Titus and two to Timothy, his foremost disciple. While Paul’s first canonical epistle, the letter to the Romans, provides us with a weighty expression of the apostle’s theology, it is 2 Timothy that builds in intensity toward a climactic exhortation in an effort to secure the church’s future beyond the... Read More
The authenticity of Paul’s correspondence with Timothy and Titus went unchallenged until the nineteenth century. Since then, more and more commentators have alleged that the Pastoral Epistles are an instance of pseudonymous writing (pseudo = false; -nymous = name) in which a later follower attributes his own work to his revered teacher in order to perpetuate that person’s teaching and influence.
Richard Bauckham, for example, one of the major biblical scholars and historians of our day, believes that the author of the Pastorals “has thought himself into situations in Paul’s ministry... Read More